The Saturday morning farmer’s markets are in full gear. The sweet summer air, the rambunctious rainstorms and warm toasty sun have nurtured a bounty of lovely vegetables and fruits for human consumption. But guess what, they can be used for a number of other things besides filling your belly, one of them being a dye for clothing.
There will be some decisions you need to make because there are a number of designs and of course, vegetables and fruits to choose from. But first off, gather the materials you will need to do this cool functional project. Of course, in order to tie-dye a t-shirt you will need a shirt (duh, I know, but can’t forget the basics). It is recommended that you wash the t-shirt before dying to remove any chemicals that it was treated with to prevent stains.
- heavy duty rubber bands
- circular objects (balls, marbles, rocks)
- fruits and veggies like beets, blackberries, strawberries, blueberries, cabbage, onion skins, the spice turmeric, and even herbs like mint or parsley (organic foods make great dyes and are good for the environment too)
- last but not least, vinegar
Here is a list of the fruits and veggies to help you decide which fruits and vegetables you will need.
- Beets- fuchsia
- Beet greens – green
- Raspberries / strawberries – red/pink
- Blueberries – blue
- Green cabbage – light green
- Red cabbage – purplish pink
- Onion skins – yellowish brown
- Spinach – green
- Turmeric – yellow/orange
You will want to decide on your pattern next. Here are a few ideas, but frankly, don’t be afraid to create your own one-of-a-kind original work of functional art! The directions for the following designs might just get those creative juices flowing.
To make the circular pattern you often see in tie dye, you will put a round object in the center of your shirt. It can be a tennis ball, a rock, or even a marble. Wrap the t-shirt around the object and tightly put a rubber band around the t-shirt. Then like the one before, add rubber bands every one to two inches all the way down to the end of the t-shirt.
If circles aren’t your thing, then you can make a more linear pattern by putting rubber bands in a line all the way down the shirt. Don’t forget the sleeves. You can also achieve big stripes by tying knots all the way down the shirt. These lines will be much less uniform than if you used the rubber bands.
To make a shirt with a number of circles you will put a round object in the center of part your shirt. It can be a tennis ball, a rock, or even a marble. Wrap the t-shirt around the object and tightly put a rubber band around the t-shirt. Then add more round objects all around the shirt, securing each one with a wide, heavy duty rubber band.
Choosing your fruits and vegetables may be a tough decision. If cost is an issue, then red cabbage and beets are a great choice. If you have ever cut open a beet, you know that its juices are a beautiful bright fuchsia and boy does it do its job to stain things that color. If you want a lush green instead, use spinach.
The standard formula for the special sauce that will change your bland white Hanes t-shirt into a work of art is 1/2 -1 cup chopped fruit/vegetable (depending on the intensity of color you want) for every 2 cups of water. For a large child-sized shirt you will need approximately 8 cups of water. Then add two cups of vinegar and ½ cup of salt. These ingredients help to set the color so it doesn’t bleed and fade.
Boil your water and fruits/vegetables for approximately 1 – 2 hours to get the natural dye out of the fruit. The longer you simmer your fruits/veggies, the more intense the color will become. Strain the water to remove the food.
It’s time to DYE! Place your fabric into containers with the dye, or add your dye to squirt bottles and squirt the dye onto the fabric directly.
Rinse in the sink, and then run it through the rinse cycle of your washing machine.
Ta-da, your own very organic, amazing, totally terrific, most beet-ific original masterpiece that you can wear on the first day of school!